HDE Post Approval Study
HDE Post-Approval Study (PAS) of NeuRx DPS for ALS
This post-approval study will follow 60 participants who have ALS, documented chronic hypoventilation, and bilateral phrenic nerve function, and who undergo the surgical implantation procedure to receive the NeuRx Diaphragm Pacing System device. Participants who are successfully implanted with the device will use it for daily diaphragm conditioning sessions. Participants will be followed for at least two years (until the last enrolled participant reaches the 2-year follow-up visit). Safety and probable benefit outcome measures will be assessed.
Disease: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Study Category: Device
Study Status: Active, currently recruiting
Phase: Not Applicable
Type: Interventional Trial with active agents/drugs only
Study Chair(s)/Principal Investigator(s):
Robert G. Miller, M.D. (Forbes Norris MDA/ALS Research Center, California Pacific Medical Center)
This is a prospective, non-randomized, open-label, interventional, post-approval (FDA) study of the NeuRx Diaphragm Pacing System (DPS) device. The study will enroll 60 participants who have amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), meet the FDA-approved device indications for use, and undergo the surgical implantation procedure to receive the device. The device is intended for use in ALS patients with a stimulatable diaphragm (both right and left portions) as demonstrated by voluntary contraction or phrenic nerve conduction studies, and who are experiencing chronic hypoventilation (CH), but not progressed to an FVC less than 45% predicted. Participants who are successfully implanted with the device will use it for daily diaphragm conditioning sessions. Participants will be followed for at least two years (until the last enrolled participant reaches the 2-year follow-up visit). Safety and probable benefit outcome measures will be assessed. The primary objective of the study is: (1) (Safety) Characterize the types and frequency of major device-related adverse events (AEs) over the time of device use. Secondary objectives of the study are: (2) (Safety) Determine whether the frequency of major device-related AEs increases dramatically toward end of life; and (3) (Probable Benefit) Determine whether there is a relationship between survival time and onset type (bulbar and limb), time from onset to treatment, and use of NIV, riluzole, or PEG in patients treated with the device.
At least two years
# of Subjects: 60
Enrollment Start Date: 07/01/2012
Gender: Male & Female
Minimum Age: 21
Age 21 or older.
Participants with familial or sporadic ALS diagnosed as laboratory-supported probable, probable, or definite according to the World Federation of Neurology El Escorial criteria.
Bilateral phrenic nerve function clinically acceptable as demonstrated by bilateral diaphragm movement with fluoroscopic sniff test or with EMG recordings and nerve conduction times.
Chronic hypoventilation was documented by at least one of the following:
FVC less than 50% predicted, or
/MIP/ less than 60 cmH2O, or
PaCO2 greater than or equal to 45 mmHg, or
Nocturnal SaO2 less than or equal to 88% for at least five continuous minutes
Suitable surgical candidate:
Negative pregnancy test in female participants of childbearing potential.
Informed consent from patient or designated representative.
Underlying cardiac or pulmonary disease that would increase the risk of general anesthesia.
Underlying pulmonary diseases that were present prior to ALS that would affect pulmonary tests independent of ALS.
Uncontrolled excessive secretions.
FVC less than 45% predicted at time of surgery.
Preexisting implanted electrical device such as pacemaker or cardiac defibrillator.
Pre-existing diaphragm abnormality such as a hiatal hernia or paraesophageal hernia of abdominal contents going into the thoracic cavity.
Coordinating Center Contact Information
888-767-3770 ext 134
California Pacific Medical Center -- Forbes Norris MDA/ALS Research Center
San Francisco, California 94115